Portland State University. Department of History
Date of Award
Master of Arts (M.A.) in History
1 online resource (100 p.)
Anti-Catholicism -- Great Britain, Great Britain -- Church history -- 16th century
To the Englishmen of the sixteenth century the structure of the universe seemed clear and logical. God had created and ordered it in such a way that everyone and everything had a specific, permanent place which carried with it appropriate duties and responsibilities. Primary among these requirements was obedience to one's betters, up the Chain of Being, to God. Unity demanded uniformity; obedience held the universe together. Within this context, the excommunication of Elizabeth Tudor in 1570 both redefined and intensified the strain between the crown and the various religious groups in the realm. Catholics had become traitors, or at least potential traitors, with the stroke of a papal pen.
Wheeler, Carol Ellen, "Every man crying out : Elizabethan anti-Catholic pamphlets and the birth of English anti-Papism" (1989). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3959.