First Advisor

Tim Garrison

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in History




Ku Klux Klan (1915- ) -- History -- 20th century, Compulsory education -- Oregon -- History -- 20th century, Catholics -- Oregon -- History -- 20th century



Physical Description

1 online resource (131 p.)


The early 1920s are generally described as a period of transition for American society. Many forces of change collided to create an unsettled atmosphere that appeared to threaten traditional American ideas and values. After World War I, the United States fostered a climate of anti-Catholicism and nativism out of fear that foreign ideas spelled the demise of traditional American values. These ideas were certainly not new to American culture as anti-Catholic sentiments figured prominently throughout the founding of the nation. During the early 1920s, however, a resurrected Ku Klux Klan promoted itself as the protector of American institutions. It won recruits with an identity as a secret society for white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant citizens. The organization also exploited the political issues of the day to ingratiate itself within communities across the nation.


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