First Advisor

Rhea Paul

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Speech with Emphasis in Speech Pathology


Speech Communication




Storytelling, Children -- Language, Slow learning children



Physical Description

1 online resource (89 p.)


There is a growing group of researchers who believe that narrative skills are the bridge from oral language to literacy (Culatta, Page, & Ellis, 1983; Roth & Spekman, 1989; Westby, 1989). Narrative production requires higher level language skills to create a cohesive discourse unit using decontextualized language. Narrative ability has also been found to be the best predictor for normal speech and language development for preschoolers with language impairments (Bishop & Edmundson, 1987) and reading comprehension achievement for learning-disabled, school-age children (Feagans & Applebaum, 1986) . These same skills are prerequisites for achievement of literacy and school success.

The purpose of the present study was to compare the story retelling ability of 4-year-olds who did not achieve normal expressive language milestones at age 2 with those who did. The original group size was 22 children with normal expressive vocabulary size at age 24-34 months, and 23 children whose expressive vocabulary size fell below the normal range at 24-34 months referred to as "late talkers."


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