First Advisor

Fu Li

Date of Publication

Spring 3-30-2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Electrical and Computer Engineering


Electrical and Computer Engineering




Power amplifiers -- Design, Long-Term Evolution (Telecommunications), Radio frequency, Nonlinear systems, Electric distortion



Physical Description

1 online resource (iii, 47 pages)


In wireless communication, the nonlinearity of a radio frequency (RF) power amplifier is an important issue for power amplifier designers. Since the nonlinearity is generated by the properties of physical components, it is hard to avoid it in producing power amplifiers. Power amplifier designers should know about the nonlinearity in order to compensate for it.

A two-tone test is a relatively widely used method to measure the nonlinearity of a power amplifier, which means the third order intercept point (IP3) can be measured from the two-tone test. Through the two-tone test, researchers have proposed some formulae to present what the amplified Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) signal is like. They derived formulae in terms of output power, bandwidth, IP3, and IP5 to express the amplified CDMA signal and further to Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signals. With the development of wireless communication, researchers put their interest increasingly in Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems. A formula expressing amplified dual two-tone signals has been proposed. In their research, they discussed what the expressions of intermodulation and cross modulation are and what their locations are.

In this research, dual band LTE-Advanced signals, whose modulation is OFDM are utilized, which means this research proposes a formula expression about the power spectrum of dual-band LTE-Advanced signals. Intermodulation and cross modulation caused by nonlinearity of power amplifiers are then specially discussed. This study will help RF designers to continuously compensate for them.


In Copyright. URI: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Persistent Identifier