Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning
Connie P. Ozawa
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Urban Studies
1 online resource (vi, 129 pages)
This study aims to explore the possibility of environmental justice as social consensus and an institutional framework to reduce socioeconomic differences in natural disaster vulnerability through a case study of flood risk management in Johnson Creek, Portland, Oregon. First, by analyzing institutions, policies, and currently ongoing flood mitigation projects, this study investigates how federal and local governments are addressing and responding to current flood problems. Second, through flood expert surveys and GIS spatial analysis, this study examines various factors that contribute to communities' susceptibility to flood risks, and whether there exist spatial differences between physically and socioeconomically vulnerable communities within the Johnson Creek area. Lastly, this study conducted comparative analysis of perceptions using Q-methodology to explore the diverse range of meanings and understandings that flood experts and urban practitioners construct in relation to the dilemmas of environmental justice in flood mitigation practice. The findings of this study indicate that institutional blind spots and barriers in natural disaster mitigation policy and planning can be generated by flood experts' and urban practitioners' different understandings of vulnerability, different interpretations of human rights, and different perspectives on the extent of institutional responsibility to assist socioeconomically vulnerable populations.
Cho, Seong Yun, "Environmental Justice in Natural Disaster Mitigation Policy and Planning: A Case Study of Flood Risk Management in Johnson Creek, Portland, Oregon" (2018). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 4502.
Available for download on Friday, July 26, 2019