First Advisor

Robert Perkins

Term of Graduation

Fall 2020

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Geology: Geohydrology






Geothermal resources -- Oregon, Hot springs -- Oregon, Geochemistry -- Oregon



Physical Description

1 online resource (xi, 102 pages)


Reservoir temperatures of hydrothermal systems in the Pacific Northwest reflect the feasibility of geothermal energy production and the tectonic framework of the region. Multicomponent geothermometry techniques were applied to new and historic water chemistry data in the north-central Oregon Western Cascades and the lower Wind River Valley in southern Washington in order to recalculate reservoir temperatures. Revised reservoir temperatures, water chemistry, and isotope data were used to determine relationships between hot springs in the north-central Oregon Cascades. Geothermal reservoir temperatures were estimated for the lower Wind River Valley (98.44 ± 0.96°C) and for Austin and Bagby Hot Springs (100.10 ± 1.04°C and 65.29 ± 2.74°C, respectively) using RTEst software and mineral suites reflective of the host rock geology. The estimated reservoir temperature for Austin Hot Springs is lower than previous estimates (180 - 186°C). The resulting calculated hydrothermal heat output of 48 MW for Austin Hot Springs is lower than the previous estimate of 85 MW. Isotopic evidence indicates that Austin and Breitenbush Hot Springs, located ~27 km apart, are recharged at similar elevations along the crest of the Cascades and may be part of a common hydrothermal system. The data farther indicate a component of "andesitic water" (4-8%) in waters discharged from Austin and Breitenbush Hot Springs as well as from hot springs and geothermal wells in Wind River Valley, WA. This, along with extensional structures extending from the central Oregon Western Cascades to the lower Wind River Valley suggest similar mechanisms for the heating and movement of deep circulating hydrothermal waters near the volcanic arc. Waters from Bagby Hot Springs, which lie ~15 km further west and away from the arc than Austin Hot Springs, do not have the same isotopic signature. Lower estimated reservoir temperatures and recharge elevations, differences in water chemistry, and the lack of an andesitic water signature indicate that the Bagby Hot Springs represent a discreet, localized hydrothermal flow system.


© 2020 Aaron Alexander Orr

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