First Advisor

Richard Clucas

Term of Graduation

Winter 2021

Date of Publication

3-30-2021

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Public Affairs and Policy

Department

Public Affairs and Policy

Language

English

Physical Description

1 online resource (viii, 159 pages)

Abstract

This dissertation examines the factors associated with the diffusion of state constitutional victims' rights amendments across the United States in the twenty-year period of 1982 to 2001 to understand the impact of the federal government on state constitutional change. Because each branch of the federal government took prominent actions in the area of victims' rights on the national policy stage during this era, it is important to know whether these actions influenced policy change at the state level. This dissertation examines whether one form of prominent federal action, the president's use of rhetoric to acknowledge support for victims' rights, influenced the adoption of state constitutional victims' rights amendments. Using the theory of diffusion to suggest the transfer of policy ideas, from the president to the states, the study constructs a variable to represent the influence of presidential rhetoric in the states by indexing values derived from a content analysis of presidential documents with presidential election results by state. Utilizing this variable among other potential factors including policy innovation, crime rate, ideology, interest groups, and legislative structure, the study then conducts an event history analysis using the semi-parametric model Cox Regression. Results of this study enrich an understanding of presidential power, federalism, and state government by revealing the limitations of the president's influence and supporting the influence of factors such as innovation, crime rate, and legislative structure.

Rights

In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/ This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/35130

Available for download on Wednesday, March 30, 2022

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