First Advisor

Lee Shaker

Term of Graduation

Spring 2021

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Communication






Emergency management, Wildfires -- Oregon -- Oregon City -- Case studies, Facebook (Electronic resource)



Physical Description

1 online resource (vi, 68 pages)


As traditional sources of local news and information decline, community-oriented social media services (e.g. Nextdoor, Facebook groups) are expanding (Masden, Grevet, Grinter, Gilbert, and Edwards, 2014). Thus far, community-oriented social media use remains relatively understudied. Not only do we not understand how citizens utilize these resources, we are also generally unaware of the content that they create and access using them. A survey of residents of Oregon City, OR and its environs, which were impacted by the Oregon wildfires of 2020, was conducted to assess the differences among citizens who use a local Facebook group & those who do not. This survey includes the Citizen Disaster Communication Assessment (CDCA) battery developed by Spialek and Houston (2018) as well as community resilience and neighborhood belonging scales developed by Pfefferbaum, et al. (2015) and Ball-Rokeach, Kim, and Matei (2001). Results indicate that citizens who utilize locally-oriented Facebook groups during and after a disaster exhibited stronger perceptions of community resilience and neighborhood belonging than citizens who do not use such groups. These results have theoretical implications for CIT and communication ecology research, but they also put forth practical implications for local leaders and organizations.


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