First Advisor

Hanoch Livneh

Term of Graduation

Spring 1996

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)






Brain -- Wounds and injuries -- Patients -- Family relationships



Physical Description

1 online resource (vi, 93 pages)


The purpose of this thesis is to (a) briefly describe the dynamics of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that most commonly affects the family including: injury characteristics, personality changes, psychosocial implications, and the family impact; (b) research and summarize the literature that pertains to the impact of TBI behavior; (c) review and explain considerations for families and counselors working with the injured patient and each other; (d) review published empirical studies on specific support interventions that address family adaptation and coping methods for those that are facing TBI; and (e) review compare and contrast relevant TBI materials designed to measure effective coping strategies, as well as future considerations for researchers studying the family and TBI.

In the United States, traumatic brain injuries have taken the lives of more people than have died in all of Americas wars and takes the lives of more people under the age of 34 than all other causes combined. Head traumas that result in a TBI survivor produce long-term deficits in the injured member that dramatically reduces their ability to function within the broad ranges of normalcy.

Families are considered the integral variable in the rehabilitation of their injured member and must often cope with the caregiving as well as the grieving process simultaneously.

Traditional counseling techniques are insufficient in establishing the support these families need therefore, intervention strategies are recommended for families with TBI members. The ever increasing numbers of people sustaining a TBI indicates a need for interventions and techniques that allow for families to the loss and shock with empowerment and knowledge. There remains a need for the creation of a simple, easy to read, instrument that educates families and gives options based on their individual needs. Even with the needs of the family slowly becoming more recognized in the areas of TBI, proactive coping strategies remain slow in development.


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