First Advisor

Leslie Hammer

Term of Graduation

Spring 2009

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Applied Psychology






Work and family -- United States, Quality of life -- United States



Physical Description

1 online resource (2, vi, 173 pages)


The primary goal of the current study was to examine the antecedents of work-to-family and family-to-work positive spillover. This dissertation examined the relationship between work, family, and personal domain resources with the outcomes of work-to-family and family-to-work positive spillover. Specifically, five types of resources were tested as predictors of positive spillover as proposed by Greenhaus and Powell's (2006) theory of work-family enrichment. To test these relationships, constructs from the work and family domains were used to operationalize each of the proposed resources, and a longitudinal research design was applied in order to establish these resources as predictors of positive spillover. Data were collected from grocery store employees in the Midwestern United States as part of a larger study funded by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The results of the study found the material resource of income adequacy as a longitudinal predictor of work-to-family positive spillover and parental status as a cross-sectional predictor of family-to-work positive spillover. Overall, this study serves as a starting point in the understanding of the antecedents of positive spillover and help guide decisions about measurement, sample selection, and model development in future positive spillover research. These contributions to the literature are discussed along with the limitations and suggestions for the future of positive spillover research.


In Copyright. URI:

This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s)


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Persistent Identifier

Included in

Psychology Commons