First Advisor

Marek A. Perkowski

Term of Graduation

Winter 2009

Date of Publication

1-2009

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Electrical and Computer Engineering

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Language

English

Subjects

Quantum computers -- Computer-aided design, Quantum logic, Computer algorithms

Physical Description

1 online resource (2, xliv, 928 pages)

Abstract

We observe an enormous increase in the computational power of digital computers. This was due to the revolution in manufacturing processes and controlling semiconductor structures on submicron scale, ultimately leading to the control of individual atoms. Eventually, the classical electric circuits encountered the barrier of quantum mechanics and its effects. However, the laws of quantum mechanics can be also used to produce computational devices that lead to extraordinary speed increases over classical computers. Thus quantum computing becomes a very promising and attractive research area. The Computer Aided Design for Quantum circuits becomes an essential ingredient for such emerging research which may lead to these powerful computers to be realized—an era of Quantum computing. This thesis presents an integrated theoretical study of software algorithms to design circuits of quantum oracles as well as methods for designing quantum oracles for Grover algorithm to solve combinatorial problems. An implementation of quantum algorithm involves the initialization of the input state and its manipulation with quantum gates followed by the measurements. In Grover algorithm the problem to be solved is specified by a permutative logic oracle – the fundamental problem is then how to build this oracle from quantum logic circuits and how to optimize these circuits. These problems are NP-hard and require search algorithms. In future, the search will be also done in quantum and this thesis leads to quantum algorithms to design quantum circuits more efficiently.

Rights

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Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/37792

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