First Advisor

Lisa Letcher-Glembo

Term of Graduation

Fall 1997

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Speech Communication: Speech and Hearing Sciences


Speech Communication




Career development -- United States -- Longitudinal studies, Cleft lip, Cleft palate



Physical Description

1 online resource (2, vii, 113 pages)


This longitudinal study sought to examine career maturity, and the variables thought to influence career maturity, in a sample of individuals with the congenital craniofacial anomaly of clefting by following them from adolescence (ages 14 to 18) into young adulthood (ages 22 to 26).

Sixteen subjects (6 males, 10 females) during adolescence and in young adulthood completed (a) a biographical questionnaire which provided educational and occupational information, (b) the Career Development Inventory, (c) the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, (d) the Shipley Institute of Living Scale, and (e) self-ratings of speech and facial appearance acceptability to provide information concerning career maturity, mental ability, global self-concept, self-concept of facial appearance, self-concept of speech acceptability, and highest desired educational and occupational level at adolescence and young adulthood.

This study sought to answer the following questions:

1. Do patterns of career maturity in a sample of individuals with clefts as measured during adolescence persist or change as measured during young adulthood?

2. Do females with clefts differ from males with clefts in their level of career maturity as measured during adolescence and in young adulthood?

3. Do females with clefts differ from males with clefts in factors related to career maturity as measured during adolescence and young adulthood? Descriptive statistical techniques were utilized to analyze data obtained.

The results of this study indicate that patterns of career maturity scores in individuals with clefts change from adolescence to young adulthood. The majority of females with clefts showed an increase in career maturity from adolescence to young adulthood, while most males with clefts showed a decline. Females with clefts set and achieved higher educational and occupational goals and were more likely to choose careers that emphasized speech communication skills than males. The females with clefts showed somewhat higher scores on factors thought to be related to career maturity, including mental ability, global self-concept, and self-concept of facial appearance and speech acceptability during both age periods, although group mean scores rose for both groups. The higher overall scores for females may contribute to the higher career maturity scores for females with clefts at adolescence and young adulthood.


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