Review of Scientific Instruments
Charge coupled devices, Electric currents -- Measurement, Image processing -- Digital techniques
We present results of a systematic study of persistent, or residual, images that occur in charged-coupled device (CCD) detectors. A phenomenological model for these residual images, also known as "ghosting," is introduced. This model relates the excess dark current in a CCD after exposure to the number of filled impurity sites which is tested for various temperatures and exposure times. We experimentally derive values for the cross section, density, and characteristic energy of the impurity sites responsible for the residual images.
"Residual images in charged-coupled device detectors," with R. Widenhorn, L. Mündermann, A. Rest, T.C. NcGlinn, Rev. Scient. Instr. 73, 2028 (2002)