This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344
Physics of Plasmas
Equations of state, Plasma (Ionized gases) -- Mathematical models, Thermodynamics
Approximate thermodynamic state relations for multicomponent atomic and molecular gas mixtures are often constructed by artificially partitioning the mixture into its constituent materials and requiring the separated materials to be in temperature and pressure equilibrium. Iterative numerical algorithms have been employed to enforce this equilibration and compute the resulting approximate state relations in single-temperature mixtures. In partially ionized gas mixtures, there is both theoretical and empirical evidence that equilibrating the chemical potentials, number densities, or partial pressures of the free electrons is likely to produce more accurate results than equilibrating the total pressures. Moreover, in many situations of practical interest the free electrons and heavy particles have different temperatures. In this paper, we present a generalized algorithm for equilibrating the heavy-particle and electron temperaturesand a third user-specified independent thermodynamic variable in a two-temperature plasmamixture. Test calculations based on the equilibration of total pressure vs. electron pressure are presented for three different mixtures.
Ramshaw, J. and Cook, A. (2014). Physics of Plasmas 21, 022706.