The Physics Teacher
Radiobiology, Physics -- Study and teaching (Higher)
Planar x-ray imaging is a ubiquitous diagnostic tool and is routinely performed to diagnose conditions as varied as bone fractures and pneumonia. The underlying principle is that the varying attenuation coefficients of air, water, tissue, bone, or metal implants within the body result in non-uniform transmission of x-ray radiation. Through the detection of transmitted radiation, the spatial organization and composition of materials in the body can be ascertained. In this paper, we describe an original apparatus that teaches these concepts by utilizing near infrared radiation and an up-converting phosphorescent screen to safely probe the contents of an opaque enclosure.
Zietz, O., Mylott, E., & Widenhorn, R. (2015). Infrared Radiography: Modeling X-ray Imaging Without Harmful Radiation. The Physics Teacher, 53(1), 46-49.