AHLR acknowledges partial support for this work from Lam Research Corporation, CA USA.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Near-field microscopy, Mesoscopic phenomena (Physics), Scanning probe microscopy -- Technological innovations, Acoustic emission
Measurement of the damping and elastic interactions between two solids interfaces (one being the apex of a tapered probe that is attached to one tine of a quartz tuning fork while the other is a flat substrate) under relative lateral oscillatory motion are reported. The solid boundaries are separated by a nanometer sized gap, and emphasis is placed on the role played by the mesoscopic fluid trapped in between. The measurements were implemented using two new acoustic techniques that have been integrated into a tuning fork based scanning probe microscope; the whole metrology system offers sub-nanometer precision for controlling the probe's vertical position, as well as thermal drift correction. One of the acoustic techniques, Shear-force Acoustic Near-field Microscopy (SANM), monitors the acoustic emission from the trapped fluid subjected to shear stress, while Whispering Gallery Acoustic Sensing (WGAS) monitors the oscillation amplitude of the QTF. Additionally, the elastic and damping components of the probe-fluid interaction forces are decoupled by operating the SANM in frequency modulation mode, while the eventual contact between the probe and substrate is tracked by monitoring the electrical current signal. Results involving interaction in the 0 to 5 nN regime are reported. The measurements reveal a strong correlation between the monotonic shift of the probe's resonance frequency and the near-field acoustic emission from the trapped fluid. The SANM signal, then, accounts as one of the elastic energy dissipation channels involved in surface interactions at ambient conditions.
Fernandez, R., Brockman, T., Bai, J., & La Rosa, A. H. (2018, December). Confined Fluid Analyzed with Near-field Acoustic Detection. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1143, No. 1, p. 012017). IOP Publishing.