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Balance of power, Geopolitics, Unipolarity (International relations), International organization, Peace


Rival ideologies and states, some new, some ancient, are emerging to create a multipolar world where regional spheres of influence arise out of the space abandoned by a weakening American ideology and state. New challenges have arisen during this latest shift in global power dynamics. States and the complex mechanisms and relationships that comprise them are now interacting as a power vacuum develops, seeking both standing and hegemony. How these interactions affect rising regional powers will have drastic consequences for future stability, peace, and progress and the current state of affairs, if history is to serve as a lesson, is headed in the direction of conflict that must be avoided through understanding of positions, influences, and relationships between rising and diminishing powers. Historical precedence points to war, but the complexities inherent in the systems of relationships and power that exist in this different age make a path to peace and a successful transition of power on the world stage possible. This paper examines those relationships, utilizing history and relevant scholarship, explaining the interactions shaping our world and chart a course towards peaceful collaboration and transitions of power.


Presented at the Ashburn Institute Graduate Student Conference, Carmel-by-the-Sea, CA, July 29-August 1, 2018.

Advisor: Birol Yesilada

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