Transient Loneliness and the Perceived Provision and Receipt of Capitalization Support Within Event-Disclosure Interactions
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Research affirms that loneliness is a distressing experience with social-perceptual and behavioral consequences. Yet, little is known about consequences of transient loneliness, particularly within social interactions. The current study builds on reaffiliation motive and evolutionary models of state loneliness to investigate the effects of experimentally manipulated loneliness on individual and interaction partner perceptions during an event-sharing interaction, within 97 female dyads. Actor-partner interdependence mediation analyses revealed indirect effects for induction group (high vs. low loneliness) on positive affect, enjoyment, responsiveness, and partner positive affect, via induced state loneliness. Furthermore, state loneliness influenced actor and partner provision of responsiveness, via perceived responsiveness. Results reveal interpersonal consequences of transient loneliness, offering preliminary insight into conditions through which state perceptions of isolation may interfere with engagement in positive social interactions. Furthermore, implications for previously theorized evolutionary models of state loneliness and the reaffiliation motive are discussed.
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Arpin, S. N., & Mohr, C. D. (2018). Transient Loneliness and the Perceived Provision and Receipt of Capitalization Support Within Event-Disclosure Interactions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 0146167218783193.