Emotions in School and Symptoms of Psychological Maladjustment from Kindergarten to First Grade
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Abstract The associations between children’s ( N = 301) observed expression of positive and negative emotion in school and symptoms of psychological maladjustment (i.e., depressive and externalizing symptoms) were examined from kindergarten to first grade. Positive and negative emotional expressivity levels were observed in school settings, and teachers reported on measures of children’s externalizing and depressive symptoms. In longitudinal panel models testing bidirectional paths, depressive symptoms in kindergarten were negatively associated with positive expressivity in first grade but not vice versa. Children’s externalizing symptoms in kindergarten predicted higher negative expressivity in school in first grade. There was also significant prediction of externalizing in first grade by negative expressivity during kindergarten. Implications about child psychological maladjustment in early schooling are discussed.
Locate the Document
Hernandez, M. M., Eisenberg, N., Valiente, C., Spinrad, T. L., Berger, R. H., Johns, S. K., ... & Thompson, M. S. (2018). Emotions in school and symptoms of psychological maladjustment from kindergarten to first grade. Journal of experimental child psychology, 176, 101-112.