An "I" for an "I": A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Instigated and Reciprocal Incivility
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Incivility and its negative impacts on individuals, teams, and organizations have been widely studied in workplace contexts, but the literature lacks a comprehensive understanding of incivility from the instigator's perspective. This meta-analysis of instigated incivility included 35,344 workers from 76 independent samples. Results showed that instigated incivility was related to several correlates including psychological ill-being, ρ = .36, and well-being, ρ = -.17; physical well-being, ρ = -.25; personal dispositions that are risk factors, ρ = .47, and preventative factors, ρ = -.34; negative, ρ = .28, and positive, ρ = -.33, job attitudes; positive team characteristics, ρ = -.28; job demands, ρ = .10; and experienced, ρ = .61, and observed, ρ = .58, incivility. Moderator analyses showed that the relationship between experienced and instigated incivility was weaker for older participants and under conditions of greater job control and work-group civility.
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Park, L. S., & Martinez, L. R. (2021). An “I” for an “I”: A systematic review and meta-analysis of instigated and reciprocal incivility. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000293