Physical Activity-Related Social Control and Social Support in Older Adults: Cognitive and Emotional Pathways to Physical Activity
This research was partially supported by a grant to the Center for Social and Demographic Analysis (CSDA) from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R24-HD044943, Shaw), by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (1R21HD080828, Strath), and by internal funds provided by Portland State University (Newsom).
Journal of Health Psychology
A survey of 217 older adults assessed physical activity–related positive and negative social control and emotional and informational support, using structural equation modeling to investigate mediational effects of emotional responses and behavioral intentions on physical activity. There were significant indirect effects of social control and social support on intentions as mediated by positive, but not negative, emotional responses, and significant indirect effects of emotional responses on physical activity as mediated by intentions. These findings help to identify the cognitive and emotional pathways by which social control and social support may promote or detract from physical activity in later life.
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Newsom, J. T., Shaw, B. A., August, K. J., & Strath, S. J. (2018). Physical activity–related social control and social support in older adults: Cognitive and emotional pathways to physical activity. Journal of Health Psychology, 23(11), 1389–1404.