Prevalence of and risk factors for substance use among Afghan refugees in Iran: An exploratory study
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Afghan refugees may be a high-risk group for substance use problems. However, research is scarce in this area, specifically among Afghan refugees in one of their main host countries, Iran. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of substance use among this population and explore the associated risk factors using a mixed-methods design. Findings suggest that 4.2% of the surveyed households had at least one adult member using illicit drugs. Moreover, results show that substance use among Afghans had statistically significant associations with illiteracy, lack of documentation, living in slum areas, and multidimensional poverty. Policy implications are discussed and recommendations provided.
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Naseh, M., Wagner, E. F., Abtahi, Z., Potocky, M., & Zahedi, L. (2019). Prevalence of and risk factors for substance use among Afghan refugees in Iran: an exploratory study. Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse.