A Systematic Literature Review of Video-Based Interventions to Improve Integrated Competitive Employment Skills among Youth and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Autistic people, Autism -- Research -- Citizen participation
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have lower employment rates than their peers without disabilities or other disabilities. Clear evidence exists regarding video-based interventions (VBIs) for improving task performance and social communication skills for students with ASD. However, such interventions have rarely been applied in integrated employment settings.
This systematic literature review aims to examine the utilization and efficacy of video-based interventions in improving the skills required to secure and maintain a job for youth and adults with ASD.
A systematic literature review was conducted on peer-reviewed articles on VBIs and ASD from electronic databases (n.d. –2019), an ancestral search of retrieved studies, and a hand search of retrieved journals.
Effective approaches were identified from among 19 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Sixteen of the studies focused on teaching job performance skills associated with specific job duties. Only three studies targeted the utility of VBIs to improve job search skills.
The results indicated that VBIs produce positive results in improving job performance skills. These positive results suggest promising future studies using VBIs to help equip people with ASD with the skills necessary to find and obtain employment.
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Munandar, V., Morningstar, M. E., & Carlson, S. R. A systematic literature review of video-based interventions to improve integrated competitive employment skills among youth and adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 1-13.
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee: IOS Press. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).