U.S. National Institutes of Health K23MH096620 (ACT), K24MH087227 (DRB), and K23MH079713 (SDW).
AIDS (Disease) -- Sub-Saharan Africa -- Effect of poverty reduction on, AIDS (Disease) -- Patients -- Stigma (Social psychology), AIDS (Disease) -- Patients -- Services for
HIV is highly stigmatized throughout sub-Saharan Africa. In studies conducted among general population samples, stigma has been shown to impede uptake of HIV testing and increase sexual risktaking behavior. Among HIV-infected persons, stigma has also been associated with inhibited serostatus disclosure to sexual partners and potential treatment supporters, delays in HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, and ART nonadherence. The stigma of HIV also intensifies the poverty, stress, and insecurity endemic to many resource-limited settings, resulting in worsened mental health, itself an important determinant of AIDS-related mortality. Until we can better understand how to effectively intervene to reduce the stigma of HIV, it will continue to adversely affect the wellbeing of HIV-infected persons and undermine both treatment and prevention efforts throughout sub-Saharan Africa.
Public Library of Science
34. Tsai AC, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD. Harnessing poverty alleviation to reduce the stigma of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS Med. 2013 Nov;10(11):e1001557. Epub 2013 Nov 26. PubMed PMID: 24319400; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3841100