Public Health Nutrition
Food security -- Uganda, Food security -- Psychological aspects, Depression, Social networks -- Uganda
Objective: To assess the association between food insecurity and depression symptom severity stratified by sex, and test for evidence of effect modification by social network characteristics.
Design: A population-based cross-sectional study. The nine-item Household Food Insecurity Access Scale captured food insecurity. Five name generator questions elicited network ties. A sixteen-item version of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist for Depression captured depression symptom severity. Linear regression was used to estimate the association between food insecurity and depression symptom severity while adjusting for potential confounders and to test for potential network moderators.
Setting: In-home survey interviews in south-western Uganda. Subjects: All adult residents across eight rural villages; 96% response rate (n 1669).
Results: Severe food insecurity was associated with greater depression symptom severity (b=0·4, 95% CI 0·3, 0·5, P
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Perkins, J. M., Nyakato, V. N., Kakuhikire, B., Tsai, A. C., Subramanian, S. V., Bangsberg, D. R., & Christakis, N. A. (2018). Food insecurity, social networks and symptoms of depression among men and women in rural Uganda: a cross-sectional, population-based study. Public Health Nutrition, 21(5), 838-848.