Title

Barriers To Preexposure Prophylaxis Use Among Individuals With Recently Acquired HIV Infection In Northern California

Publication Title

AIDS Care

Document Type

Citation

Publication Date

10-10-2018

Abstract

Barriers to HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use have not been well-characterized in people who became HIV-infected, all of whom could have benefited from PrEP. We invited Kaiser Permanente Northern California members diagnosed with HIV during 2014–2016, following a negative HIV test in the prior year, to complete a survey assessing barriers to PrEP use before HIV diagnosis. Of 268 patients surveyed, 122 (46%) responded. Median age was 36, most (84%) were men who have sex with men, and 64% were of minority racial/ethnic background. Thirty-six (30%) had discussed PrEP with a provider, of whom 10 were diagnosed with HIV at PrEP intake. Overall, only 5 (4.1%) had used PrEP, and all 5 discontinued before diagnosis. Among all respondents, the most common barrier to PrEP use was lack of PrEP awareness (51%). Among those aware of PrEP, the most common barriers were cost/insurance concerns (36%) and perceived low risk for HIV (24%). Lack of PrEP awareness ranged from 39% among those aged 25–34 to 88% among those aged < 25 (P = 0.011), and from 33% among Hispanics to 69% among Blacks (P = 0.055). Increasing awareness and affordability of PrEP, and facilitating accurate assessment of HIV risk, are critical to reducing missed opportunities for PrEP.

Description

Copyright © 2018 Informa UK Limited

DOI

10.1080/09540121.2018.1533238

Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/27197

Publisher

AIDS Care

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