Graphs, John G. (John Godolphin) Bennett (1897-1974) -- Criticism and interpretation, Directed graphs, Dynamic programming
A graph can specify the skeletal structure of an idea, onto which meaning can be added by interpreting the structure.
This paper considers graphs (but not hypergraphs) consisting of four nodes, and suggests meanings that can be associated with several different directed and undirected graphs.
Drawing on Bennett's "systematics," specifically on the Tetrad that systematics offers as a model of 'activity,' the analysis here shows that the Tetrad is versatile model of problem-solving, regulation and control, and other processes.
Zwick, Martin, "Ideas & Graphs" (2017). Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations. 148.