The Use of Structural Modeling for Technology Assessment
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
Structural modeling (SM) techniques are a set of geometric, semi-quantitative tools that can assist in organizing a technology assessment (TA), developing a rough overview of it, and analyzing various component problems. In this project about 100 SM techniques were identified and seven were tested in detail: ISM, ELECTRE, SPIN, KSIM, QSIM, IMPACT, and XIMP. Guidelines were developed to help the assessor in the choice and proper use of such tools. © 1979.
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Linstone, H. A., Lendaris, G. G., Rogers, S. D., Wakeland, W., & Williams, M. (1979). The use of structural modeling for technology assessment. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 14(4), 291-327.