The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology, Gunter Wagner, Ed., Academic Press, 2001.
System theory, Information theory, Set-theoretic modeling, Log-linear models, Complexity, Entropy, Multivariate analysis
Reconstructability analysis (RA) decomposes wholes, namely data in the form either of set-theoretic relations or multivariate probability distributions, into parts, namely relations or distributions involving subsets of variables. Data is modeled and compressed by variablebased decomposition, by more general state-based decomposition, or by the use of latent variables. Models, which specify the interdependencies among the variables, are selected to minimize error and complexity.
Zwick, M. (2001). "Wholes and Parts in General Systems Methodology." In The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology, Guner Wagner, ed., Academic Press. pp. 237-256.