Systems theory, Metaphysics, Ontology, Imperfection, Insight, Problem solving
Because of their inherent abstraction, systems ideas are not themselves sufficient for gaining scientific knowledge or solving practical problems, but they can be a source of insights into the universality of imperfection, insights which can contribute to a new scientific world view. Systems theory offers a metaphysics, or more precisely an ontology, of imperfection. Through it, we can heed Spinoza's injunction, “Not to lament, not to curse, but to understand.”
Zwick, Martin, "Understanding Imperfection" (2000). Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations. 56.