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Conference Proceeding

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Population ecology, Sustainability, Endogenous growth (Economics)


We build and analyze a dynamic ecological economic model that incorporates endogenous innovation on input substitutability. The use of the system dynamics method allows us to depart from conventional equilibrium thinking and conduct an out-of-equilibrium (adaptation) analysis. Simulation results show that while improvement in input substitutability will expand an economy, this change alone may not improve sustainability measured by indicators such as utility-per-capita and natural resource stock. It could, however, be possible that in combination with other technological progress, improvement in input substitutability will contribute to sustainable development. Sensitivity analysis also indicates a possible complication with the use of exogenous consumer preference, which is often assumed in standard economics.


Presented at the The 12th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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