Document Type


Publication Date



Cycling -- Oregon -- Portland, Bicycle commuting, Transportation -- Social aspects, Choice of transportation -- Decision making


The health benefits of bicycling are well understood; numerous studies link increased cycling activity with improved health outcomes. Research suggest that the cycling behavior most likely to generate broad, population-level health benefits is everyday routine cycling—including running errands and taking other short trips. Despite these health benefits and new investment in cycling infrastructure, overall cycling levels in the U.S. lag behind many other nations. Amidst findings of increased ridership, research still finds that women and racial minorities are underrepresented as cyclists in North America.

While quantitative data may reveal estimates of these disparities, little is known about the motivations or deterrents experienced by individuals. This report draws from 28 in-depth interviews with women and minorities in Portland, Oregon, to clarify ongoing barriers to bicycling that prevent those who own a bike (and are thus not limited strictly by economic barriers) from becoming more routine cyclists.


This is a summary of TREC research project NITC-SS-994, which can be found at: research/project/994

Final Report NITC-SS-994 can be found at:

Persistent Identifier