The seminars are supported by the Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning and the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and the National Institute for Transportation and Communities (NITC).
E-commerce is growing—it is estimated that e-commerce sales now account for more than 10% of total retail sales in the U.S. The continued maturation of the e-commerce market is fueling a significant growth in warehousing, changing the nature of brick-and-mortar retail, and creating a surge in parcel volumes, which means deliveries are up. Way up. The New York Times recently reported that 1.5 million packages are delivered daily in New York City. In order to meet this demand for delivery, businesses are looking for new and creative ways to deliver packages to consumers, including attempting to automate the last mile. What does this growth in e-commerce and urban freight mean for our transportation system? What are the land use implications? What kinds of strategies are being employed to manage the influx of deliveries? This seminar will explore these questions, as well as touch on local research efforts to better understand urban freight trip generation.
Seattle is experiencing transformational changes with record-breaking population growth among large scale urban renewal and redevelopment. These changes are occurring in a constrained transportation system that is being reconfigured to meet the mobility needs of vibrant and thriving community. Learn about the policies that provide the roadmap for managing City’s growth, plans that guide where transportation investments are made, and how Seattle will reach the safety goals of Vision Zero.
It has been more than two years since shared scooters first appeared in Santa Monica, California and more than four years since the first dockless bikeshare bikes appeared in China. As shared micromobility has experimented in its deployment and operations across the globe, cities have also been experimenting with ways to regulate and manage this phenomenon in a way that best achieves public outcomes. But how do we best protect individual rights' while still protecting the right-of-way? This seminar will discuss experiences from cities with micromobility programs and considerations for agency staff and elected officials when launching and overseeing a program, including: data sharing and privacy, goal setting, approval approach, equity targets, caps, fees, safety, and approaches for minimizing negative impacts.
Mike Coleman and Sean Loughran
If you like PDX now, wait till you see PDX Next. We’re outgrowing our current digs. In the coming years, we expect our annual passengers to jump from 20 million to 35 million. Over the next five years, a series of transformative projects will bring more Pacific Northwest-inspired architecture, local restaurants and shops, inclusive design, and carbon footprint-reducing technology. We’re rolling out a series of improvements over the next few years so that your trip to and from PDX is easier and speedier. We’re making space for light-rail and bike-path enhancements. A dedicated ride hailing pickup area will streamline the entire experience. A new flexible transit hub will add close-in parking spots and bring all car rentals on-site. Among the largest projects in the airport’s history, the iconic new terminal will double the size of the current ticketing and lobby area when it opens. This cornerstone project will give us the flexibility to meet the demands of the future, all while capturing the signature spirit of the Pacific Northwest and keeping the heart and soul of PDX intact.
Portland's neighborhood greenways are a key component of the city's transportation system and future. Join PBOT's new neighborhood greenway coordinator to learn how this facility type developed, near-term plans for improvements, and what the future holds for these unique bikeways.
Participants will gain a better understanding of:
- The history of Portland's neighborhood greenways
- PBOT's evaluation process for the neighborhood greenway system
- Where the system is thriving and where PBOT sees deficiencies
- How PBOT plans to address the system's development over the next three to five years
Congestion pricing is effective, and efficient, but is it fair? One of the biggest concerns surrounding dynamic road charges is that they will harm low-income people. This seminar examines the equity implications of congestion charging, and argues that road pricing can satisfy the demands of both equity and efficiency.
Lack of physical activity is well established as a modifiable risk factor for cancer at multiple sites. Because walking (and rolling) are among the most common forms of physical activity in the United States, the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences of the US National Cancer Institute has supported a range of data resources, methods research and development and funding opportunities related to physical activity and cancer control across the entire cancer control continuum. In this seminar, Dr. Berrigan will share about emerging results from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey Walking and Perceptions of the Walking Environment Module, resources and data related to youth physical activity including results from the FLASHE and NHTS surveys and new tools for teaching and measurement supported by NCI. Together these materials will help expand transportation researcher and practitioner knowledge of links between physical activity and cancer as well a variety of research results and resources.
While the overarching objective of the transportation system is to provide mobility, it should be developed and operated under the framework of a safe system with the aspirational goal to establish a system on which no road user can be severely or fatally injured. To accomplish such a safe system, it is necessary to effectively harness all the core protective opportunities provided by the system. This includes the street design and operations, user behavior, vehicle design, protection systems, and EMS. The common thread across these layers is speed. This is directly driven by the quadratic relationship between velocity and kinetic energy, and the necessity to provide safe and structured dispersion of kinetic energy at the onset of a safety-critical event. The presentation will describe ongoing research that examines what happens when we no longer design each of the individual safety components to provide a desirable level of protection for a certain circumstance, but that it can contribute to a larger joint entity (i.e., the system) and can exhibit the required level of safety.
From Complete Streets policy implementation to stronger community engagement, bus rapid transit expansion to waterfront redevelopment—and so much more!—Vancouver, Washington, is on the move. Directly across the river from Portland, Oregon, the City of Vancouver serves as the southern gateway to Washington State; the City encompasses over 50 square miles, and, with a population of nearly 185,000, Vancouver is the fourth largest city in Washington (behind Seattle, Spokane, and Tacoma and just ahead of Bellevue). As Vancouver embarks on an update to the 15-year-old Transportation System Plan, learn about how the City is striving to transform the existing transportation system through more collaborative programs and more efficient measures. Smaller and suburban cities face unique challenges in growing metropolitan areas with economic and demographic shifts—and these communities must balance multiple, sometimes differing, expectations that the transportation system will provide everyone with an excellent level of service. In the changing landscape of ever-improving mobility options, advancing technology, and evolving best practices, find out how Vancouver is working to ensure that the transportation system operates as safely, efficiently, and innovatively as possible.
The Community Cycling Center has been working with youth through the "Big Jump: Gateway to Opportunity" project. We'll be discussing our exploratory educational model and the ways the project can increase accessibility and opportunity for the youth living and learning in the Gateway neighborhoods.
The Datafication of Cycling – Effects and Opportunities at the Intersection of Industry and Transport Policy
This seminar will provide a brief overview to Shaun Williams’ "Datafication of Cycling" PhD project. The main aim is to understand how volunteered app data, provided by cyclists, are used to inform transportation planning practice and policy. There is an emerging body of academic work calling for digital aspects of cycling – such as app data - to be considered by transportation authorities. This project builds upon these contributions and asks: Are new forms of cycling data contributing to increased cycling provision and infrastructure? The Datafication of Cycling Project runs from 2017 – 2021 and includes visits to Portland (Oregon) and Copenhagen (Denmark). If you would like to find out more about the project, or to get involved, please feel free to contact Shaun directly: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Gabe Graff and Kelly Betteridge
Over the past two years, the Portland Bureau of Transportation and TriMet have joined forces to identify, design and build capital and operational treatments to help buses move more quickly and reliably through Portland’s increasingly congested Central City. Already the densest concentration of people and jobs in Oregon, Portland’s Central City is growing fast and increasing the speed and reliability of transit is key to achieving our City and region’s transportation, climate and livability goals. Working in partnership on PBOT’s Central City in Motion plan and TriMet and Metro’s Enhanced Transit Corridor program, the two agencies have identified a series of bus lanes in the Central City that will make transit faster and more reliable throughout the region. Project staff will discuss how projects were identified and trade-offs weighed, share the most recent designs, and discuss the benefits to transit riders and the region, with a focus on approaches to the Hawthorne, Steel and Burnside bridges.
Modes including ridehailing, bikeshare, and e-scooters offer the potential to revolutionize how people travel. But as cities and agencies work to integrate these new services into the existing transportation landscape, the equity implications of these modes remain murky.
This talk presents research on ridehail travel and equity from Los Angeles and compares the equity outcomes of ridehailing to the previous status quo embodied by taxis. The research highlights both the promise of new mobility services and the remaining obstacles to delivering equitable access. Findings yields implications for policies that cities and planners can advance to ensure that new travel modes boost mobility for all, not just some, travelers.
Andrew H. Aebi
The planning process identifies community needs but often needs the creative use of financial leverage to make those projects a reality on the ground. Timing is important on Local Improvement District (LIDs), and the window of opportunity is often short.
For Portland's Bureau of Transportation, managing the public's desire for streets in good condition with room to walk and bike safely and accommodating freight movement and population growth can be a tall order. Add in the need to work with water, sewer and underground utilities, and things get complicated.
When needs exceed resources, smart strategies can help fill the gap. Andrew Aebi, Portland’s LID Administrator, will discuss four LID projects which will provide better walking and biking options for residents, improve infrastructure, and support smart land use for Portland's growing population. Most importantly, he will describe how creative problem-solving and careful negotiation can successfully achieve commitments to fund the projects and improve neighborhoods.
Gonçalo H. A. Correia
Automated driving has become a hot topic of research in different fields of science. Despite the great advancements in the vehicle technology itself, researchers are now concerned in figuring out what will be the impacts of these vehicles in life as we know it. These impacts can be rather broad from traffic safety to the economy. In this lecture, Goncalo will focus on the research that is being done at TU Delft, a leading university in automated vehicles’ (AVs) impacts research, focusing on urban areas and how mobility, and even the city itself, can change with fully-automated vehicles. Goncalo Correia will be covering impacts on the value of travel time, traffic congestion, land use, among others. This is work in progress that requires the involvement of all researchers interested in the topic, thus, in that sense, the lecture is intended more to foster research questions and methods than on giving final answers, which are still a bit far away.
Alexander Y. Bigazzi
Are the Biketown bikes too heavy? Does better gear motivate people to cycle more? How much faster will someone go on an e-bike?
Although urban cycling is widely known as physically active transportation, the actual physics of cycling have been given little attention in transportation engineering and planning. In contrast, the field of sports science has developed detailed data and models of road bicycle performance, but only for sport and racing cyclists.
What can we learn about utilitarian cycling by integrating knowledge of the physical attributes of bicycles and cyclists?
This seminar examines the ways in which bicycle physics, and the physiology of cyclists, can influence outcomes of interest to transportation professionals, from speed and stopping distance to cycling frequency and health benefits. Findings will be presented from recent and ongoing studies aiming to quantify these relationships and enhance travel analysis tools with an understanding of the physical aspects of cycling.
This seminar will present ongoing research into how integrated social, natural, and engineered systems can improve life safety under threat of multi-hazards. The targeted scenario is a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami from the Cascadia Subduction Zone, threatening communities along 1,000 miles of the US Pacific Northwest coastline.
Since the mid-1980’s scientific evidence has underscored the possibility of such an extreme event, and it has taken at least another decade or more before public attitudes and policy have begun to adapt to this new hazard. Life safety is a pressing issue for the near-field CSZ tsunami hazard for several reasons.
- First, there is limited time from the start of the earthquake to when the tsunami arrives to the shore–20 to 30 minutes depending on location–compared to several hours for the case of a distant tsunami across the Pacific Ocean.
- Second, evacuations will be self-initiated, relying on an individual’s perception of risk and knowledge of correct course of action.
- And third, unlike other natural disasters such as river floods, tornadoes, and hurricanes which are more easily imagined, the rarity of tsunami events in the U.S. make the tsunami scenario difficult to visualize.
This seminar will present the results of an agent-based tsunami evacuation model to explore how decisions on when to leave, route choice, mode (on foot or by car) and unplanned disruptions affect life safety. This work is applied to case studies: one in Seaside, Oregon and a second at Oregon's South Beach State Park. These projects developed close collaboration with a number of organizations responsible for public safety during the response to extreme natural hazards, including the Oregon Department of Transportation, Oregon Office of Emergency Management, Oregon Parks and Recreation, Oregon Sea Grant, and internationally.
With the on-going disruption of the transportation industry and rapid advancement in ITS technologies; emerging smart cities, navigation systems and autonomous transportation, the need for highly accurate geospatial localization has never been more crucial. These technologies demand that we have more granular location information of vehicles not just on a road, but to a specific lane on the road.
This presentation will give a pedagogical style summary and overview of some of the on-going research work at HERE Technologies and how we have pushed the state-of-the-art in lane-localization of noisy GPS probe data using novel Machine Learning Algorithms and how some of these innovations is being applied to power new products for real-time traffic, routing and navigation systems, maps for autonomous vehicles, incidents and safety services.
An example of such product is Split Lane Traffic (SLT)
Split Lane Traffic (SLT) detects divergent traffic speeds at highway junctions with exit ramps. It is the first traffic product that provides lane maneuver guidance information to drivers based on lane-level traffic conditions ahead thereby giving better navigation experience and a more accurate routing and ETA.
Michelle Marx and Francesca Patricolo
Pedestrian safety and access is an equity issue. In Portland, inadequate pedestrian infrastructure and traffic safety concerns disproportionately impact low-income communities and people of color. The City is attempting to rectify these inequities through PedPDX, Portland’s new citywide pedestrian plan (anticipated for adoption in Spring 2019). PedPDX prioritizes sidewalk and crossing improvements and other investments, policies, strategies and tools to make walking safer and more comfortable across the city.
Come learn about the strategies PedPDX is using to address transportation equity in Portland, including establishing a data-based prioritization for citywide pedestrian investments, identifying roadway and behavioral characteristics most closely correlated with pedestrian crashes in order to prioritize needs before crashes happen, using pro-active outreach to engage disproportionately impacted residents, and applying innovative pedestrian design and policies to address pedestrian infrastructure needs.
New mobility options such as bike share, scooters, and transportation network companies (e.g. Uber) are proliferating across the United States and beyond. Early research has shown that while the private automobile continues to be the main competition for transit, new mobility options may also be siphoning off some riders. In this seminar, we will explore what the role of public transportation should be in this era of rapidly expanding private transportation options. We will also examine how private transportation could be harnessed to help public transportation succeed and allow for cities to meet their mobility goals.
The Success of an Integrated Mobility Strategy: Lessons from the Netherlands for the Pacific West Coast
Lucas van der Linde
The Netherlands sets the standard for their multimodal connectivity. It has world's highest use of cycling and an integrated mobility network with an efficient transport system. During this seminar, Lucas will tell more about the Dutch Approach and how this could be applied to the American transportation context.
Lucas will use the case of the Bay area to show this. The Bay Area in California currently faces massive challenges in transportation because of the enormous growth of the region. With the use of a new innovative modelling tool, the Move Meter (http://www.movemeter.com/), Lucas will show the potential of an integrated multi-modal mobility strategy for the Bay Region: it results in less congestion and a more sustainable mobility pattern. The realization of mobility hubs are important in this. During this presentation the results of the study will be presented. Moreover, a short preview is shown of what the application of this approach would mean for Portland.
Briana Orr, John MacArthur, and Jennifer Dill
Portland's E-Scooter Pilot made national news for its proactive and data-driven approach to exploring the role of e-scooters in our transportation system. One of the first cities to implement a comprehensive data sharing agreement with e-scooter providers, Portland now has a lot of findings to share. This Friday Seminar will dive into both the data collected and the experiences of Portlanders during the pilot. We’ll discuss what worked well, unexpected findings, and considerations for future new mobility pilots. Download the E-Scooter Findings Report (released Jan 2019) here.
Edgar Bertini Ruas
With the emergence of several new providers of shared mobility services, such as Uber, Biketown and Car2go, there has been the promise of changes to the traditional way of owning and using a vehicle. One potential consequence of the new mobility services is the reduction in vehicle ownership. At the same time, cities are trying to anticipate these changes by reducing the amount of space dedicated to parking. This thesis aims to asses the extent to which new shared mobility and transportation policy strategies (especially parking requirements and transit pass availability) relate to vehicle ownership among residents of multifamily dwellings. To do this we use a web-based survey targeted to residents of multifamily apartments from Portland, Oregon.
Innovation adoption research has largely ignored organizational adoption, and little work has been done to understand or predict the adoption of innovations by freight organizations. Among the existing innovation adoption theoretical and methodological approaches this seminar will explore which are most appropriate methods for freight organizational adoption. The seminar will present a disaggregate market penetration model for freight transportation organizations adopting connected autonomous vehicle (CAV) technology and demonstrate an application using a case study area in Memphis, TN. The seminar will highlight ongoing and future organizational adoption research for CAVs, and other innovations.
The Transportation Wallet is one of Portland’s newest parking and transportation demand management (TDM) strategies, designed to reduce parking demand while simultaneously offering new mobility options by bundling transit and bike share passes into one consumer product. Two of Portland’s managed parking districts have elected to add a surcharge to the cost of on-street parking permits, a portion of which is used to subsidize the cost of the Transportation Wallet. Residents and employees in the parking districts are eligible to purchase the Transportation Wallet at a fraction of the retail cost. As an added incentive to increase parking supply, people can trade in their on-street parking permits in exchange for free Transportation Wallets. Since the program’s full implementation in the past year, the number of parking permits issued in the districts has noticeably declined. Wallet holders report they are taking transit and bike share trips more, some of whom are new riders altogether, and many report driving less. The impact of the Transportation Wallet on the overall transportation system is promising, as people are replacing car trips throughout the city, with the highest concentration being in the two parking districts. Planning is already underway to expand the Transportation Wallet to offer more mobility options to a greater audience in more Portland neighborhoods.