Collaborative Planning Principles for Disaster Preparedness
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Natural and technological hazards can have consequences of a scale and severity far exceeding most human experience. Massive earthquakes predicted as imminent for some regions of the world, fires engulfing large tracts of land and the global COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 illustrate several key preparedness challenges. The hazards literature stresses the importance of involving communities in decisions before, during and after calamitous events occur. Currently, community planning and hazard risk management planning are largely carried out in separate tracks that seldom intersect. We propose that hazard risk managers may benefit from integrating in their approaches collaborative planning principles, especially at the pre-disaster stage. We further propose that community planners deliberately consider hazards and integrate the potential consequences of a disaster into routine plan-making, boosting communities’ resilience. Finally, since citizen involvement is necessary but burdensome in both planning and hazards management, we suggest a set of criteria for considering who—from among the many community and public stakeholders—should be involved, when, and how.
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Shmueli, D. F., Ozawa, C. P., & Kaufman, S. (2021). Collaborative planning principles for disaster preparedness. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 52, 101981. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101981