Journal of Policy History
Transportation and state -- United States -- History, Local transit -- Government policy -- United States, Transportation -- United States -- Planning
Examines how the US federal government came to subsidize a greater share of transit industry costs than most other national governments. Since World War II, downtown activists sought to boost their transit systems in the face of increasingly intense competition from suburban business centers; the transit systems of Los Angeles and San Francisco in particular were shaped by this competition. Downtown activists tried, with varying success, to influence the newly formed regional transit agencies and the Federal Department of Transportation, created in 1964. The federal government's role in urban transit has been characterized by a tension between economic rationalization and congressional demands for increased transit subsidies.
Adler, S. (1993). The Evolution of Federal Transit Policy. Journal Of Policy History, 5(1), 69-99.