Start Date

28-4-2015 10:30 AM

End Date

28-4-2015 11:45 AM

Disciplines

European History | Political History | Social History

Subjects

Nationalism -- France, Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871), France - Race relations, French National characteristics

Abstract

In July of 2014, demonstrations in Paris against Israel's action in Gaza turned violent. The growing strength of anti-Zionism in France, as indicated through recent events, has led to a fear that anti-Zionism is bringing back the anti-Semitism of yore. Throughout the past century, the level of intolerance towards Jews and any outsiders has become an unseemly component of French culture, notably illustrated through the evolution of a nationalistic outlook in France. This paper explores the beginnings of this modern nationalism and traces its origins to the French loss of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and the subsequent rise of revanchist ideology. As a succession of crises rocked the post-war Republic, a new branch of right-winged thinkers, characterized by xenophobia and anti-semitism, emerged and mobilized, thus cementing xenophobic, anti-Semitic, and revanchist ideals into the mindset of France by the turn of the century.

Notes

Winner of the Karen E. Hoppes Young Historians Award for Outstanding Research and Writing.

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© Copyright the author(s)

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Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/15230

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Apr 28th, 10:30 AM Apr 28th, 11:45 AM

Rocking the Third Republic: The Succession of Political Crises That Led to the Rise of Xenophobic Nationalism in France

In July of 2014, demonstrations in Paris against Israel's action in Gaza turned violent. The growing strength of anti-Zionism in France, as indicated through recent events, has led to a fear that anti-Zionism is bringing back the anti-Semitism of yore. Throughout the past century, the level of intolerance towards Jews and any outsiders has become an unseemly component of French culture, notably illustrated through the evolution of a nationalistic outlook in France. This paper explores the beginnings of this modern nationalism and traces its origins to the French loss of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and the subsequent rise of revanchist ideology. As a succession of crises rocked the post-war Republic, a new branch of right-winged thinkers, characterized by xenophobia and anti-semitism, emerged and mobilized, thus cementing xenophobic, anti-Semitic, and revanchist ideals into the mindset of France by the turn of the century.