Start Date

1-5-2019 10:30 AM

End Date

1-5-2019 11:45 AM

Disciplines

Intellectual History | Political History

Subjects

Protest movements -- Iran, Iran -- History -- Revolution (1979), Iranian diaspora, Intellectuals -- Iran -- History

Abstract

From the Achaemenid dynasty of the fifth century B.C.E., to the conquest of Persia by Mongol forces of Genghis Khan in the tenth century C.E., the Iranian monarchy withstood several political interventions, both domestic and foreign. The Iranian Cultural Revolution of 1979, however, toppled the longstanding Pahlavi dynasty of the nation, and inaugurated a democratic republic. The Revolution’s origins on university campuses and in the living rooms of the middle class continue to engage historical focus as a revolution sparked by the public. Students and professors alike who felt that the traditionalist regime persecuted a modernizing Iran, united in protest. The immediate reign following the 1979 revolution unearthed the oppressive monarchy yet left students entering the workforce with wavering faith in their domestic opportunities. The two governmental forces of the time abandoned the educated middle class and resulted in a mass exodus of such Iranian intellectuals, searching for opportunity, into the Western hemisphere – most notably California. This paper explores the impact of 20th-century globalization on university curricula provoked by Iranian scholars in California, and the methods by which internationalism evolves academia today.

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Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/28504

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May 1st, 10:30 AM May 1st, 11:45 AM

The Diaspora of Iranian Intellectuals in the 20th Century: Emigration and the Rise in Academic Internationalism

From the Achaemenid dynasty of the fifth century B.C.E., to the conquest of Persia by Mongol forces of Genghis Khan in the tenth century C.E., the Iranian monarchy withstood several political interventions, both domestic and foreign. The Iranian Cultural Revolution of 1979, however, toppled the longstanding Pahlavi dynasty of the nation, and inaugurated a democratic republic. The Revolution’s origins on university campuses and in the living rooms of the middle class continue to engage historical focus as a revolution sparked by the public. Students and professors alike who felt that the traditionalist regime persecuted a modernizing Iran, united in protest. The immediate reign following the 1979 revolution unearthed the oppressive monarchy yet left students entering the workforce with wavering faith in their domestic opportunities. The two governmental forces of the time abandoned the educated middle class and resulted in a mass exodus of such Iranian intellectuals, searching for opportunity, into the Western hemisphere – most notably California. This paper explores the impact of 20th-century globalization on university curricula provoked by Iranian scholars in California, and the methods by which internationalism evolves academia today.