Start Date

19-5-2021 2:45 PM

End Date

19-5-2021 4:00 PM

Disciplines

History

Subjects

Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation (1942-1945), World War (1939-1945) -- Concentration camps -- United States, World War (1939-1945) -- Japanese Americans, United States. War Relocation Authority, Japanese Americans -- Social conditions

Description

Although the history of Executive Order 9066 and the subsequent Japanese-American internment is well known, the legal struggles against the internment process and the consequences of that displacement are often overlooked. In an attempt to end policies that were primarily motivated by racial prejudice, four first-generation Japanese Americans took it upon themselves to appeal four different cases to the Supreme Court. However, it was not until the decision of the last of the four Supreme Court cases, Ex Parte Endo, that Japanese Americans received even a sliver of justice for the discrimination they had faced. Having lost their work, homes, communities, personal liberties, and human rights as they were rounded up like cattle and interned, Japanese Americans sought to find a way to cope with the trauma they endured. Having become perpetual foreigners in their own country, in their best efforts to assimilate into the mainstream, they almost completely abandoned their previous lives and cultural identities, becoming as American as possible. This paper examines how internment and four Supreme Court cases, Yasui v. United States, Hirabayashi v. United States, Korematsu v. United States, and Ex Parte Endo, shaped Japanese Americans’ trauma, identities, and their ability to survive.

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May 19th, 2:45 PM May 19th, 4:00 PM

Session 2: Panel 3: Presenter 4 (Paper) -- Internment: The Legal Challenges and Effects of Displacement on Japanese Americans

Although the history of Executive Order 9066 and the subsequent Japanese-American internment is well known, the legal struggles against the internment process and the consequences of that displacement are often overlooked. In an attempt to end policies that were primarily motivated by racial prejudice, four first-generation Japanese Americans took it upon themselves to appeal four different cases to the Supreme Court. However, it was not until the decision of the last of the four Supreme Court cases, Ex Parte Endo, that Japanese Americans received even a sliver of justice for the discrimination they had faced. Having lost their work, homes, communities, personal liberties, and human rights as they were rounded up like cattle and interned, Japanese Americans sought to find a way to cope with the trauma they endured. Having become perpetual foreigners in their own country, in their best efforts to assimilate into the mainstream, they almost completely abandoned their previous lives and cultural identities, becoming as American as possible. This paper examines how internment and four Supreme Court cases, Yasui v. United States, Hirabayashi v. United States, Korematsu v. United States, and Ex Parte Endo, shaped Japanese Americans’ trauma, identities, and their ability to survive.