Dundar F. Kocaoglu
Management of Engineering & Technology
The paper studied the special case of organizations responding to their natural environment as compared to the organizational theory and response expected to changes in the environment (surrounding). The investigation was conducted on the Printed Circuit Industry and the response behavior of its management to the requirements of pollution control. As expected by the researcher, the firms established separate departments. In theory, such a department would allow the organization to maintain efficiency but insulates it against external changes, reduces information flow and, thus, impedes process improvements, or causes organizational conflict. The researcher found for this special case of organizational design that the pollution control departments not only acted to reduce pollution but also triggered process improvements and did not cause conflicts. These findings contradicted the perspectives of the organizational theory mentioned above. He attributes the causes to the special role of a pollution control department in assimilating and disseminating information.
Haris, Khaled, "Innovation From Differentiation: Pollution Control Departments and Innovation in the Printed Circuit Industry" (1995). Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects. 1410.