Document Type

Closed Project

Publication Date

Winter 2002


Dundar Kocaoglu

Course Title

Management of Engineering and Technology

Course Number

EMGT 520/620


CD-Rs, Sound -- Recording and reproducing, New products -- Management, Technology -- Management, Disruptive technologies


Since its launch in early 80's, compact disc has proved itself to be one of the disruptive technologies of the decade. CD has virtually replaced the phonograph record and CD-ROM has help blaze the trail for the information era. Also, incremental innovations based on CD technology continuously emerge and CD-R is one of the most successful of these.

CD-R technology was originally developed to support the manufacturing process of CDs. As the technology became more sophisticated, affordable, and user-friendly, the CD-R drive has become a standard tool for the average PC user.

The development ofCD-R technology is a classic case of technology management; it faced different challenges and issues as it moved up the technology Scurve. A review of the success ofCD-R technology illustrates a few critical issues in technology management:

  • Cross platform compatibility and standards: the ISO 9660 and the Frankfurt Format
  • Combined force of technology push and market pull: the first generation CD-R technology and the need of higher capacity media of average users
  • Affordability: commodity pricing of the CD-R disc
  • Continuous performance improvements: Reading and writing speed, burn proof technology
  • Advancements of supporting technologies: CD recording software, IDE interface, USB, and Fire Wire, etc.


This project is only available to students, staff, and faculty of Portland State University

Persistent Identifier