Document Type

Closed Project

Publication Date

Winter 2021


Tugrul Daim

Course Title

Decision Making

Course Number

ETM 530


Hierarchical decision modeling, School districts -- Oregon -- Administration, COVID-19 (Disease), School administrators -- Oregon -- Decision making


Oregon schools have been closed for nearly one year, at the time of this paper, since Covid-19 first emerged in Oregon. When and how to safely reopen schools has become a high priority problem. There are many factors influencing how schools can safely reopen. In this research, the Hierarchical Decision Modeling (HDM) method is used to evaluate these factors. Safety, political, student learning performance, economic, technology, and ethics have been selected as the primary criteria to analyze the decision. The HDM model is judged by experts working in different fields. The research results show that safety is the most important criteria affecting school reopening. The second most important criteria are student learning performance. Politics is weighted the lowest of all the criteria. In making reopening decisions, safety should be of foremost concern. Given three alternatives of remote learning, hybrid learning, and in-person learning, in-person learning has been weighted the highest. School districts may need to spend more effort on safety precautions to reopen Oregon schools, which is shown as the most desirable alternative in this study.


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Note: This project is only available to students, staff and faculty at Portland State University.

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