Undergraduate Research & Mentoring Program

Document Type


Publication Date



Graphene films, Graphene -- Electric properties -- Analysis, Nanostructured materials -- Electric properties


Despite continued interest in research and application development, full scale graphene production is still limited by many factors including prohibitively high growth temperature requirements. Extremely high quality graphene growth is possible at high temperatures using chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Use of an inductively coupled plasma chemical vapor deposition (ICP CVD) reactor with the benefit of precursor gas decomposition through plasma generation, may provide possibility to reduce growth temperature. Herein, we report plasma’s effects on graphene growth by comparing growths of increasing power supplied to plasma generation and changes in precursor gas ratios. Plasma composition was characterized by ultraviolet and visible light spectroscopy; graphene was characterized by Raman spectroscopy. Plasma was observed to change gradually and in a threshold shift. Gradual changes in plasma resulted in changes in graphene quality, both defect density and number of layers. The shift produced sudden changes in graphene quality. Further, increasing power before and after the shift produced opposite correlated trends. Finally, reduced hydrogen to acetylene gas ratios produced plasma associated with higher powers at a higher gas ratio. Though the comparative plasma spectra between the two reduced gas ratio growths were very similar, the quality of graphene was different. Additionally, both lower gas ratio growths produced quality different than what was expected by the trends suggested by the higher gas ratio growths. Though plasma demonstrated a role in graphene quality, a more detailed understand of its driving mechanisms must be developed in conjunction with other growth mechanisms if it is to be utilized to substantially reduce growth temperature.

Persistent Identifier