Oscillations, Symmetry (Mathematics), Control theory -- Mathematical models, Multiagent systems -- Stability
The study of the movement of flocks, whether biological or technological, is motivated by the desire to understand the capability of coherent motion of a large number of agents that only receive very limited information. In a biological flock a large group of animals seek their course while moving in a more or less fixed formation. It seems reasonable that the immediate course is determined by leaders at the boundary of the flock. The others follow: what is their algorithm? The most popular technological application consists of cars on a one-lane road. The light turns green and the lead car accelerates. What is the efficient algorithm for the others to closely follow without accidents? In this position paper we present some general questions from a more fundamental point of view. We believe that the time is right to solve many of these questions: they are within our reach.
Veerman, J. J. P., "Symmetry and Stability of Homogeneous Flocks" (2010). Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations. 131.