This work was partially supported by the NSF under grants DMS-0818050, DMS-1014817 and DMS- 1211635.
Journal of Biological Dynamics
Pattern formation (Biology), Morphogenesis, Arbitrary constants, Chemotaxis
We present a generalized Keller–Segel model where an arbitrary number of chemical compounds react, some of which are produced by a species, and one of which is a chemoattractant for the species. To investigate the stability of homogeneous stationary states of this generalized model, we consider the eigenvalues of a linearized system. We are able to reduce this infinite dimensional eigenproblem to a parametrized finite dimensional eigenproblem. By matrix theoretic tools, we then provide easily verifiable sufficient conditions for destabilizing the homogeneous stationary states. In particular, one of the sufficient conditions is that the chemotactic feedback is sufficiently strong. Although this mechanism was already known to exist in the original Keller–Segel model, here we show that it is more generally applicable by significantly enlarging the class of models exhibiting this instability phenomenon which may lead to pattern formation.
De Leenheer, Patrick; Gopalakrishnan, Jay; and Zuhr, Erica, "Instability in a Generalized Keller–Segel model" (2012). Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations. 36.