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Mathematics and Computers in Simulation

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We analyze the eigenvectors of the generalized Laplacian for two metric graphs occurring in practical applications. In accordance with random network theory, localization of an eigenvector is rare and the network should be tuned to observe exactly localized eigenvectors. We derive the resonance conditions to obtain localized eigenvectors for various geometric configurations and their combinations to form more complicated resonant structures. These localized eigenvectors suggest new indicators based on the energy density; in contrast to standard criteria, ours provide the number of active edges. We also suggest practical ways to design resonating systems based on metric graphs. Finally, numerical simulations of the time-dependent wave equation on the metric graph show that localized eigenvectors can be excited by a broadband initial condition, even with leaky boundary conditions.


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This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication as Kravitz, H., Brio, M., & Caputo, J. G. (2023). Localized eigenvectors on metric graphs. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 214, 352-372.



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