Physical Review B
Electron microscopy, Nanoparticles
Using femtosecond nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) we provide a detailed characterization of slow light in a small-size asymmetric photonic crystal structure. We show that PEEM is capable of providing a unique description of the light propagation in such structures by direct imaging of the guided mode. This noninvasive characterization technique allows modal properties such as effective index, phase velocities, and group velocities to be determined. Combining experimental results with finite element method simulation calculations, we study slow light phenomena in a photonic crystal defect mode, and we produce a comprehensive picture of the mechanisms behind it. Our results illustrate the usefulness of electron microscopy in exploring nano-optical applications.
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Stenmark, T., & Könenkamp, R. (2019). Photoemission electron microscopy to characterize slow light in a photonic crystal line defect. Physical Review B, 99(20), 205428.