Start Date

25-4-2022 9:00 AM

End Date

25-4-2022 12:00 PM

Disciplines

Cultural History | European History | History

Subjects

Reindeer herding -- Northern Europe, Reindeer herding -- Environmental aspects -- Northern Europe, Sami (European people) -- History, Sami (European people) -- Hunting, Sami (European people) -- Ethnic identity

Abstract

The reindeer is a quintessential symbol of the Sami, the indigenous people of Northern Scandinavia. Reindeer have always been integral to Sami culture, but they have not always had the same significance that they do now. In the 16th and 17th centuries, reindeer herding practices shifted from small-scale domestication to large-scale reindeer herding and nomadism. This paper explores the political and cultural dynamics that surrounded this shift: pressure from encroaching settler nations, dwindling resources, and a loss of traditional practices. Ultimately, this shift irrevocably impacted Sami identity. Knowledge of the historical factors surrounding the transition to reindeer nomadism is essential to Sami cultural preservation and activism today.

Notes

Winner of the Karen E. Hoppes Young Historians Award for Outstanding Research and Writing.

Rights

© 2022 Ava A. Trueworthy

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/37789

Share

COinS
 
Apr 25th, 9:00 AM Apr 25th, 12:00 PM

Beyond Rudolph: The Cultural Impacts of Reindeer Herding on the Sami

The reindeer is a quintessential symbol of the Sami, the indigenous people of Northern Scandinavia. Reindeer have always been integral to Sami culture, but they have not always had the same significance that they do now. In the 16th and 17th centuries, reindeer herding practices shifted from small-scale domestication to large-scale reindeer herding and nomadism. This paper explores the political and cultural dynamics that surrounded this shift: pressure from encroaching settler nations, dwindling resources, and a loss of traditional practices. Ultimately, this shift irrevocably impacted Sami identity. Knowledge of the historical factors surrounding the transition to reindeer nomadism is essential to Sami cultural preservation and activism today.