This research was supported by the National Institute for Transportation and Communities (NITC), Portland Metro, and the City of Portland. Alexander Bigazzi is supported by fellowships from the U.S. National Science Foundation (Grant No. DGE-1057604) and NITC.
Air -- Pollution -- Health aspects -- Oregon -- Portland, Automobiles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Health aspects
Bicyclist intake of air pollutants is linked to physical exertion levels, ventilation rates, and exposure concentrations. Whereas exposure concentrations have been widely studied in transportation environments, there is relatively scant research linking on-road ventilation with travel conditions and exertion levels. This paper investigates relationships among power output, heart rate, and ventilation rate for urban bicyclists. Heart rate and ventilation rate were measured on-road and combined with power output estimates from a bicycle power model. Dynamic ventilation rates increased by 0.4-0.8% per watt of power output, with a mean lag of 0.8 minutes. The use of physiology (ventilation) monitoring straps and heart rate proxies for dynamic on-road ventilation measurements are discussed. This paper provides for a clearer and more quantitative understanding of bicyclists’ ventilation and power output, which is useful for studies of pollutant inhalation risks, energy expenditure, and physical activity.
Bigazzi, Alexander Y. and Figliozzi, Miguel A., "Dynamic Ventilation and Power Output of Urban Bicyclists" (2015). Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations. 314.