Date of Award

2016

Document Type

Thesis

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Bonnie Nagel

Subjects

Cognition in adolescence, Neuroglia

DOI

10.15760/honors.273

Abstract

Neuroimaging techniques have recently been used to research and identify relationships between structure and function. Because adolescence is a critical period for development of the brain, the present study’s goal was to identify the possible relationships between white matter (WM) volume and processing speed during this period. White matter was of particular interest as it consists of the myelinated axons of some nerve cells which are essential for nervous system functioning. The WM volume of 157 adolescents (ages 12-17) were determined from T1-weighted images via FMRIB’s Automated Segmentation Tool (FAST), whereby the brain was separated into WM, gray matter (GM), and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). A composite score for processing speed was indicated by a z-normalized mean score from the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) block design test, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) which included raw scores of Color-Word Conditions 1-4, verbal and spatial working memory 2-back tasks, and the hit reaction time score from the Continuous Performance Test (CPT). Results suggested that there was a small positive relationship between WM volume and age at the time of the scan, which agrees with several reported literatures. Processing speed was defined as a more negative value below the mean; the initial hypothesis was further supported as a negative relationship between WM volume and age to processing speed in adolescence observed. Although the correlation and significance was relatively low between the variables, the sample suggests that as an adolescent’s WM volume or age increased or decreased, processing speed was reflected as marginally quicker or slower.

Comments

An undergraduate honors thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in University Honors and Psychology

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/17534

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