This project was made possible with funding from the National Institute for Transportation and Communities (NITC).
Transit-oriented development -- California -- San Diego, Transit-oriented development -- California -- Los Angeles, Urban transportation policy, Transportation -- Planning
This research project is a continuation of a previous NITC-funded study. The first study compared the MacArthur Park TOD in Los Angeles to the Fruitvale Village TOD in Oakland. The findings from this new study further validate the key findings from the first study. This new comparative case study analyzed the extension of Los Angeles’ Gold Line into Boyle Heights and the revitalization linked to Boyle Heights due to two TODs built in that neighborhood. I conclude from all four cases that TODs can help serve as catalysts for neighborhood revitalization in low-income communities by paying attention and building upon endogenous forms of cultural, political, financial and built capital that exist in these neighborhoods. Residents and neighborhood activists should play a meaningful role in the development process in order to make the new investments in these communities beneficial to these barrios. The new transportation infrastructure investments will increase pressures of gentrification and, hence, I offer specific strategies and tools that urban planners and transportation policymakers can implement to help create more equitable outcomes in these barrios while mitigating for gentrification risks. Strategies learned from these case studies include building affordable housing, supporting Latino culturally relevant public spaces (Latino/barrio placemaking), investing in community-based public arts, and collaborating with activists in the neighborhoods to make these TODs more community oriented.
Sandoval, G. (2016) Developing a model for Transit Oriented Development in Latino Immigrant Communities: A National Study of Equity and TOD. NITC-RR-762. Portland, OR: Transportation Research and Education Center (TREC). http://dx.doi.org/10.15760/trec.160